The Treaty of Paris- September 3, 1783
The Treaty of Paris was a proclamation between Britain and the United States declaring the war for America’s independence to be officially over. The three signers of the Treaty for America were: Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams. The signer for Britain was Richard Oswald.The treaty was signed at Hotel d’York in Paris and was named after the city it was signed in. The Treaty of Paris several main points.
  1. Acknowledging that America was a free country and no longer tied to the British Crown.
  2. Granted fishing rights to the United States off the coast of Canada.
  3. Recognized that debts had to be paid off on both sides.
  4. Gave the United States a large amount of land.( From the Great Lakes to Florida and from the Mississippi river to the Atlantic Ocean.)
  5. The Unites states had to give Loyalists back they're taken property.
  6. Property and captives must be given back to each party.
  7. Britain and the United States had to share the Mississippi River with all other counteries that needed to use it.
  8. All British troops must leave the United States, except detatchments.
  9. Ratification of the treaty will become legitimate six months after it is signed.

The Treaty of Paris set up a lot of strong points but left weaknesses as well. In the Treaty it said that the British Troops must be removed as soon as possible. Even though this may seem like a fair deal to the States, the lack of a deadline left the terms "As soon as possible" up for debate. The british troops ended up staying in the United states longer then any of the Americans had expected.
The Treaty of Paris put great strain on the relationship between the alliance between America and Spain and France. The deal the colonies made with Britain was secretive and was kept from their alliances. France got nothing out of this deal and the alliance was broken. The French became angery with the United States for leaving them out of the deal.

The American Continental Congress ratified the treaty on January 14, 1784 and Britain ratified the treaty on April 19, 1784.

The portrait (to the left) was painted while the Treaty was being signed. It is obviuos there is something wront with the picture, it is not finished. The British refused to pose for the picture. They felt it was an insult to be painted while signing the Treaty. The British had been seen as the one of the strongest military force at the time and were embarrased to have lost to the new Colonies.

Benjamin Franklin was one of the American commissioners who helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris.Ben Franklin was born January 17, 1706 and died April 17, 1790. He was the tenth son of a soap maker named Josiah Franklin.When Benjamin was fifteen his brother started a newspaper. Ben only had one year of schooling and knew his brother wouldn't let him write for the paper even though he had a lot to say, and wanted badly to write articles for it. Since Ben knew his brother would never let him write, he came up with a false identity of 'Silence Dogwood". Ben wrote articles signing them as the window Silence Dogwood, and put them under the door of the print shop. The articles became a hit.Ben's brother became jealous and the two found themselves at odds with each other. Ben ran away to Philadelphia and found a home living with the Reads.He would end up marrying Deborah Read.Ben found a job running a print shop and two stores with his wife.Ben soon started working on science experiments before turning to politics. Ben became one of the United States founding fathers. Benjamin appeared before parliament to testify against the Stamp Act. Ben always saw himself as an English loyal man but his views started changing. He ended up breaking away from England after the Hutchinson Affair. Several weeks before Franklin had set up the publication and translation of the Colonial Constitution. Franklin also had a charming quality to him. The French loved him and the United states and France soon became allies. The French helped America to win their war for independence and become the America we know today. The war officially ended after the signing of the Treaty of Paris, which was signed by Benjamin Franklin and two other Americans.


Richard Oswald was the signer of the Treaty of Paris for Britain. Richard lived most of his life as a merchant in London. He became very interested in the African slave trade and soon his company started to expand. He and two others bought the island of Bance and turned it into a trading station for slave trafficking. Oswald soon became connected to many different people and started making deals between people and offering financial advice. Richard Oswald first became a political force when he wrote a petition on the Board of Trade and Plantations. Oswald became most successful when he began connecting power brokers and started his stock-in-trade. As Richard became more successful his connections grew. He made his way into the world market and had many friends throughout the world. In 1782 Lord Shelbourne asked Richard Oswald to negotiate with America on the Treaty of Paris. Richard was chosen for this job because he had lived in America until the age of six and shared many of the same views as Benjamin Franklin. Shelbourne hoped the two would get along well. The two did and Franklin described his as "Air of great Simplicity and Honesty." Oswald was criticizedby many people in Britain for giving America too much in the Treaty. He resigned from his position in politics and went back to living Ayrshire. He died there November 6, 1784.