Siege of Fort Stanwix

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BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
TIME AND LOCATION: August 2, 1777, and ended August 22, battle occurred on Fort Stanwix, in the Mohawk River Valley
COMMANDERS: Great Britain, Hesse Hanua: Barry St. Leger, Sir John Johnson, John Butler, Joseph Brant
United States: Peter Gansevoort, Nicholas Herkimer,Benedict Arnold

UNITS USED: Great Britain:
750 British, Hessian, Loyalists, and Canadians
800 Iroquois
United States:
750 regulars (Gansevoort)

800 militia (Herkimer)
700 regulars, 100–300 militia and Indians (Arnold)
CAUSALITIES: Great Birtain:
British, Hessian, Loyalist: 5 killed, 47 wounded or sick, 41 captured or missing.
Indians: 32 killed, captured, or missing, 34 wounded or sick.
United States: 7 killed, 18 wounded, 9 missing.
BATTLE IN DETAIL:The battle took place on August 2, 1777, at Fort Stanwix. The fort contained the Continental Army
from both New York and Massachusetts, who at the time were under the command of Peter Gansevoort. Before the siege
went underway, the British had allied themselves with Loyalists, Canadians, Indians and the Hessian. This large group was led by British brigadier general Barry St. Leger. This was in fact, a diversion for another assault being done at the exact same
time. The goal of this operation was to seize control of the Hudson Valley. The diversion as a whole failed since Barry St. Leger
could not advance in Albany, because the siege was ended when back-up troops led by
Benedict Arnold. Arnold's tactic was to make them seem like a much larger force, so the enemy retreated after that.
The British and other enemies to the colonies had a variety of different soldiers, artillery, and mortars. The Colonists
had soldiers and a strong fort. In this video, a demonstration of the artillery they had is shown after a long introduction.
Though in the end, the day was won through a bluff placed by the Colonists.














IMPORTANT PEOPLE:
Benedict Arnold: Benedict Arnold was born on January 14, 1741, and was a general during the American Revolution, for both
of the sides. Benedict started out as an American general, but then betrayed them in order to get into the British army, where he
got the title of Brigadier General. Although, his betrayal will not occur into later into the American Revolution after he believed another

general stole his credit for what he actually did. During the Siege of Fort Stanwix, Arnold was one of the most notable commanders

during the siege, leading the Americans to victory. Benedict lead the coming force for the Americans. They made them believe they
were an extremely large group that would easily crush the British. The bluff caused the defeat of the British and the safety of Fort Stanwix.
For this victory, Arnold received much credit as a general in the Colonialists Army.
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Barry St. Leger: Barry St. Leger was a British general who led a siege during the American Revolutionary War.Barry started out as
nothing more then a solider, then proceeded to work up from all the conflict to become a Lieutenant-Colonel by the time the American Revolution began.
He was selected to lead the western charge thaformed part of the 1777 Saratoga Campaign. During the siege, the British generals underestimated the
size of the of the number of people in the fort. Leger eventually learned that an enemy force was coming with a much larger force, so he sent a group of
Native Americans and Loyalists. After this, the colonists raided the camps of their enemy. When word reached Leger that his Indian supporters abandoned
him, he retreated from the battle to protect the last bit of dignity he had left after this battle. When he tried to go back to the battle, the rest of the army had
already surrendered.
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