Battle of Monmouth
June 28, 1778


The Battle of Monmouth was a battle fought on June 28, 1778 in Monmouth Country, New Jersey. General George Washington moved his army across the Delaware River. His goal was to attack General Sir Henry Clinton while his troops marched from Philadelphia to New York. On June 28, Washington sent off General Charles Lee with 5,000 men to assault the British rear guard near Monmouth Court House, NJ. General Washington marched east from Valley Forgelooking to intercept the slow moving British column. He did so at Monmouth Courthouse. It was fought between 10,000 British troops and 11,000 American troops. Washington stopped with his troops at the Monmouth Court House ordering them in different directions splitting them into two groups. Washington marched down with his 4,000 men while the British had 5,000 men. Washington was planning on having his main army to attack the British from behind. The plan did not succeed because General Sir Henry Clinton found out about Washington's plan and turned his army around. During this battle it is said that over a hundred men died of heatstroke. and heat exhaustionbecause it was the hottest battle of the entire war. Although the Americans had more causalities in the end, this battle is thought to be a draw.
Battle of Monmouth Map
Battle of Monmouth Map

Major General Charles Lee
When Lee decided to be part of the Revolutionary War, he expected to be a general of the Army. But instead, the position was given to Washington. Charles Lee was part of many battles and wars. Some examples are the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War. He was given the nickname “Boiling Water” by the Iroquois because of how short his temper was. He was known for having a short temper, bad language, a dirty uniform, and was alwas expecting a high amount of pay. George Washington was completely different than that. He was always in great condition, very polite, and didn't recieve any pay at the end of the war. Some people think that is why Washington was chosen over Lee. Lee wasn't very fond of Washington because of this. After the war, Lee left the British Army. He then joined the Polish Army, apparently rising to the rank of General. Unable to recieve the senior rank in the British Army that he desperately wanted, Lee returned to America and joined the American Army again. Lee was captured by the British at a battle outside of Morristown when he left his troops to go stay at an inn. In order to be let go, Lee wrote up a plan for the British that would help them defeat the Americans. He was let free on May 8, 1778. Lee was able to rejoin the Army on that same day because he still had his "connections" with Congress. Because of the extreme amount of jealousy Lee had for Washington, he had a hard time agreeing with his plans. The way Lee thought of it was, "Why bother going into battle if we aren't going to win? It's just going to waste our time if we don't win." He did not want to go into battle unless they were guarenteed a definite victory. Not like it mattered what Lee said because Washington's decision completely over-powered Lee's. Washington gave Lee something as easy as just to move his troops to do, but he did not follow through with that at the Battle of Monmouth. Washington gave Lee a chance to explain himself, but he had no real answer for why he let his troops get so crazy. Washington then had to let Lee go due to his inability to cooperate and his inappropriate language while discussing the matter. This was the end of Lee's Army career.

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Mary Ludwig Hays (Molly Pitcher)

Mary Ludwig Hays, otherwise known as Molly Pitcher, is a very brave and historical woman. Her husband went to go fight in the war, so she tagged along. soldiers were falling all over the place because of how hot it was, so when someone would fall, she would rush over with a pitcher of water and tend to them. Then, at one point when she was tending to some of the men, she looked up and saw that there was no one manning the cannon. Molly then rushed over to the cannon and began to fire. She was such a hero. When George Washington found out about her heroic activity, he began to call her Sergeant Molly.
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